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Thursday, January 1, 1970.



Birthdays


379 Basilius, the Great, of Caesarea, holyman (Moralia)
1387 Charles, The Angry One, king of Navarra (1349-87)
1431 Alexander VI [Rodrigo Borgia], Spanish/Italian pope (1492-1503)
1449 Lorenzo de'Medici (The Magnificent) of Florence
1449 Lorenzo de'Medici, [The Magnificent] of Florence
1449 Lorenzo de'Medici (The Magnificent) of Florence
1467 Sigismund I, the old, king of Poland
1481 Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant reformer
1481 Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant reformer
1481 Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant reformer
1504 Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer
1520 Franciscus Balduinus, [Francois Baudouin], lawyer
1618 Bartolom‚ Esteban Murillo, Spain, Baroque artist [baptized]
1622 Isaac Sweers, Dutch Admiral/general/Civil rights activist
1628 Christoph Bernhard, German composer
1638 Antoinette du Ligier de la Guard Deshoulieres, French poet/playwright
1652 Johann Krieger, composer
1697 Johann Pfeiffer, composer
1709 Johann H H Btz, German/Dutch organ builder
1714 Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lutheran pastor, Lithuanian poet (The Seas)
1723 Christian Friedrich Gregor, composer
1729 Edmund Burke, British author (Philosophy & Inquiry) [NS=Jan 12]
1734 John F E Acton, cruel premier of Naples
1735 Paul Revere
1735 Paul Revere
1735 Paul Revere
1735 Paul Revere
1735 Paul Revere
1735 Paul Revere
1735 Paul Revere, silversmith/US patriot (British are coming)
1735 Paul Revere
1745 General Anthony Wayne, military leader ("Mad Anthony")
1745 "Mad" Anthony Wayne, general
1745 General Anthony Wayne, military leader ("Mad Anthony")
1748 Giovanni Furno, composer
1752 Betsy Ross
1752 Betsy Ross
1752 Betsy Ross
1752 Betsy Ross
1752 Elizabeth Griscom (Betsy) Ross, flag maker
1752 Betsy Ross
1752 Elizabeth Griscom (Betsy) Ross, flag maker
1752 Elizabeth Griscom (Betsy) Ross, flag maker
1764 John Kinker, Dutch linguist/philosopher/poet (Minderjarige Zangster)
1777 Micah Hawkins, composer
1784 William Beale, composer
1792 Henrik A Bjerregaard, Norwegian writer/poet (Sķnner af Norge)
1800 Sydney Nelson, composer
1800 Vaclav Horak, composer
1809 John Pieter Heije, Dutch physician/writer/poet (Silver Fleet)
1815 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neocriticism)
1817 Martin H Klaproth, Germany, chemist
1819 Arthur Hugh Clough, poet, friend of Matthew Arnold
1819 George Foster Shepley, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
1823 S ndor Pet”fi, Kikk”r”s, Hungary, poet, revolutionary (J os Vit‚z)
1827 William Lewis "Old Tige" Cabell, Brig General (Confederate Army)
1831 William Joseph Westbrook, composer
1838 William Hugh Young, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1843 Nikolay Nikolayevich Lodizhensky, composer
1846 Nikola Pasic, Serbian nationalist/premier (1891..1926)
1853 Hans Koessler, composer
1854 Sir James Frazer, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
1854 James Frazer, Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
1854 Sir James Frazer, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
1862 Snitz Edwards, Hungary, actor (College, Phantom of the Opera)
1863 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
1863 Pierre de Coubertin, France, baron (revived Olympic games)
1864 Alfred Stieglitz, father of modern photography
1864 Alfred Stieglitz, US photographer/art dealer (Camera Work)
1864 Alfred Stieglitz, father of modern photography
1865 Giuseppe Ferrata, composer
1867 Charles Edward Montague, English author/critic (Fiery Particles)
1867 Lew Fields, comedian (of Weber & Fields)
1869 Louis JM de la Vall‚e-Poussin, Belgian indologist
1873 Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (The Flies, The Bosses)
1873 Mariano Azuela, Mexico, novelist (The Flies, The Bosses)
1873 Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (The Flies, The Bosses)
1874 Hugo Leichtentritt, composer
1875 Charles Rist, French economist
1875 N F Druce, cricketer (5 Tests for England v Australia 1897-98)
1876 Johan C Altorf, sculptor (October 3rd monument)
1878 Edwin Franko Goldman, composer
1878 Fran‡ois Ambrosiny, French dancer/choreograph (L'oiseau enchant‚)
1879 E.M. Forster, English novelist (Howard's End, A Passage to India)
1879 Edward M Forster, England, novelist (Howards End, Passage to India)
1879 Emile Argand, Swiss geologist (Dekbladen Theory)
1879 Ernest Jones, British psychoanalyst (Life & Work of Sigmund Freud)
1879 William Fox, US film pioneer (Nickelodeon)
1879 E.M. Forster, English novelist (Howard's End, A Passage to India)
1880 Edie Martin, London England, actress (Titfield Thunderbolt)
1880 Shalom Asch, Poland, yiddish writer (Motke Ganev)
1881 Carry van Bridges, [de Haan], Dutch author (Heleen, Eva)
1882 W C Wendelaar, mayor of Alkmaar (1919-34)/Dutch MP (VVD)
1883 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)
1883 [Hei]ko E Arnoldi, Dutch actor (3 Drops of Water)/theater director
1885 Roland Diggle, composer
1887 Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral/head German military intelligence
1889 Alexander Smallens, St Petersburg, Russia, conductor
1889 Charles Bickford, Cambridge Mass, actor (John-The Virginian)
1889 Tadeusz Jarecki, composer
1889 Tom Dugan, Dublin Ireland, actor (Circus Clown, Drag, Skyway)
1890 Florence Lawrence, Hamilton Ont, silent screen actress (Confidence)
1891 Frank Pettingell, Liverpool England, actor (Gaslight, Goose Steps Out)
1892 Artur Rodzinski, Spalato, Dalmatia, Poland, conductor/composer
1892 Manuel Roxas y Acuna, 1st president Philippines
1892 Miklos Radnai, composer
1895 J. Edgar Hoover
1895 J. Edgar Hoover
1895 J. Edgar Hoover
1895 J. Edgar Hoover
1895 J. Edgar Hoover
1895 J Edgar Hoover, Mr FBI
1895 Nathaniel Shilkret, NYC, conductor
1896 Maurice Jacobson, composer
1896 Teinosuke Kinugasa, Japans actor/director (Jujiro, Jigoku-mon)
1896 Yitzhak Edel, composer
1897 Walter Greaza, St Paul Minn, actor (Martin Kane Private Eye)
1898 George van Derton, Belgian
1898 George van Derton, Belgian racer (won 500 race)
1898 Viktor Ullmann, opera composer (Der Kaiser von Atlantis)
1899 Juozas Tallat-Kelpsa, composer
1899 Lev V Kuleshov, Russian director/theorist (Po Zakonu)
1899 Raymond Loucheur, composer
1900 Xavier Cugat
1900 Xavier Cugat
1900 Xavier Cugat
1900 Xavier Cugat
1900 Xavier Cugat
1900 Hubert van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF)
1900 William Haines, Staunton VA, actor (Fast Life, Little Annie Rooney)
1900 Xavier Cugat, Barcelona Spain, bandleader (married Abbe Lane, Charo)
1901 Christine WI Wittewaall van Stoetwegen, Dutch MP (CDD)
1902 Buster Nupen, cricketer (1-eyed South African quick, great on matting)
1902 Dimiter Nenov, composer
1905 Melvin Price, (Rep-D-IL, 1945- )
1906 Frank Stack, Canada, speed skater (Olympic-bronze-1932)
1907 Erich Schmid, composer
1908 Kinue Hitoma, Japan, 800m runner (Oly-silver-1928)
1909 Barry Goldwater
1909 Barry Goldwater
1909 Barry Goldwater
1909 Barry Goldwater
1909 John Glenn, astronaut
1909 Barry Goldwater
1909 Barry Goldwater, (Sen-R-Az, 1953-65, 69- )/Pres candidate (R) 1964)
1909 Dana Andrews, Collins Miss, actor (Battle of the Bulge, Laura)
1909 D D Hindlekar, cricketer (Indian batsman & wicket-keeper 1936-46)
1909 John Glenn, astronaut
1910 Russ Bender, actor/writer (Amazing Colossal Man, Space Monster)
1911 Endre Szervanszky, composer [or Dec 27]
1911 Hank Greenberg, Hall-of-Fame 1st baseman (Detroit Tiger)
1912 Kim Philby, British spy/Soviet mole
1912 Victor Reuther, Wheeling WV, labor leader
1913 Eliot Janeway, financial writer (Economics of Chaos)
1915 Fran‡ois Bondy, writer
1915 Lewis Bingham Keeble, town planner
1916 Earl Wrightson, Balt Md, singer (Paul Whiteman's Goodyear Revue)
1918 Willy den Ouden, Dutch swimmer, (WR 100m, 1:04.06)
1919 J.D. Salinger
1919 J.D. Salinger
1919 J.D. Salinger
1919 J.D. Salinger
1919 J. D. Salinger, author of 'Catcher in the Rye'.
1919 J.D. Salinger
1919 Bernard Drukker, Dutch organist/pianist/orch leader (Devil's Wheel)
1919 Carole Landis, Fairchild WI, actress (One Million BC, Topper Returns)
1919 J[erome] D[avid] Salinger, NYC, novelist (Catcher in the Rye)
1919 J. D. Salinger, author of 'Catcher in the Rye'.
1920 Elisabeth Andersen, [Anna de Bruyn], Dutch actress (Yerma, Titania)
1920 Roger Peacock, writer
1921 Alain Mimoun O'Kacha, Algerian/French cross country (Oly-gold-1956)
1922 Ernest F Hollings, (Sen-D-SC, 1966- )
1923 Chalmers Goodlin, US test pilot (XS-1)
1923 Milton Jackson, US, vibraphonist (Milt of Bags)
1925 George Conner, NFL tackle, linebacker (Chicago Bears)
1925 Valentina Cortesa, Milan Italy, actress (Kidnap Syndicate)
1926 Claire Polin [Schaff], composer flautist/musicologist
1927 Barbara Baxley, Stockton CA, actress (Norma Rae, Countdown)
1927 Juliusz Luciuk, composer
1927 Maurice B‚jart, France, ballet choreographer (Rite of Spring)
1927 Yuri Grigorovich, Leningrad, choreographer
1928 Ernest R Tidyman, Ohio, novelist/screenwriter (French Connection)
1928 Khan Mohammad, cricketer (Paki fast-med bowler, 54 wkts in 13 Tests)
1929 Holling Gustav Vapor, character on Northern Exposure
1930 Gaafar Muhammad Nimeiry, premier/president (Sudan)
1930 Ty Hardin, NYC, actor (Riptide, Bronco) [or Jun 1]
1930 Werner Heiden, composer
1931 Carel Brons, composer
1931 Siddig El Nigoumi, ceramicist
1932 Arnfried G D P, Dutch manufacturer (breadcrumbs)/drugs dealer
1933 Anders Bo Leif Linde, composer
1933 James A Abrahamson, USAF/astronaut
1933 Joe Orton, England, actor/dramatist (Prick Up Your Ears)
1935 Harold Martina, Netherland Antilles, pianist/conductor
1935 Valentin Nikolaevich N Benderov, Russia, cosmonaut
1936 Eve Queler, NYC, conductor
1936 Willye B White, US jumper (Olympics-silver-1956)
1938 Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, Queen of Netherlands (1980- )
1938 Bill Emerson, (Rep-R-MO, 1981- )
1940 Frank Langella, Bayonne NJ, actor (Dracula, Diary of a Mad Housewife)
1940 Jack Kiefer, Columbia PA, PGA golfer (1994 Ralphs Senior Classic)
1940 Laszlo Sary, composer
1940 Richard Henry Orton, composer
1942 Country Joe McDonald, Calif, rock guitarist/vocalist (& the Fish)
1942 Don Novello, [Father Guido Sarducci], Ashtabula Oh, comedian (SNL)
1942 Gennadi Vassilyevich Sarafanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 15)
1942 George Couroupos, composer
1942 Martin Frost, (Rep-D-TX, 1971- )
1943 Don Novello
1943 Don Novello
1943 Don Novello
1943 Don Novello
1943 Don Novello
1943 Jerilyn Britz, Minneapolis MN, LPGA golfer (1979 US Women's Open)
1944 Charlie Davis, cricketer (WI batsman in 15 Tests 1968-73)
1945 Jacques Ickx, Belgium, Le Mans auto race (6-time winner)
1946 Manfred Stengl, Austria, 2 man lugist (Olympic-gold-1960)
1947 Alexei Ivanovich Bobrov, Russia, cosmonaut
1947 Gary "BB" Coleman, blues vocal/guitarist/producer
1947 Peter Lankhorst, Dutch MP (PPR)
1947 Vladimir Georgiyevich Titov, Rus cosmonaut (Soyuz T-8, TM-4, STS 63)
1949 Nikolai Tikhonovich Moskalenko, Russia, cosmonaut
1949 Peter Dormer, arts writer
1950 Morgan Fisher, rock keyboardist (British Lions)
1950 Svetlana Georgievna Beregovkina, Russia, cosmonaut
1950 Yevgeni Vladimirovich Saley, cosmonaut
1951 Frans Kellendonk, author (Ruin, The Good for Nothing)
1951 Jaco Pastorius, rocker
1953 Alpha Blondy, [Seydou Kone], Ivory coast, reggae singer (Jerusalem)
1953 Kevin Hangon, composer
1953 Rochelle S Abramson, violinist
1954 Fr David, Paris France, rocker
1955 Michael James Sullivan, Gary IN, PGA golfer (1980 Southern Open)
1956 Anatoli Borisovich Polonsky, Russia, lt-colonel/cosmonaut
1956 Sergei Vasiliyevich Avdeyev, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-15, SK:TM-28)
1958 Grandmaster Flash, [Joseph Saddler], NYC, rocker (Message)
1958 Ren Woods, Portland Oregon, actress (Fanta-Roots)
1959 Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghanistan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6)
1960 Michael David Morrison, actor (Caleb Snyder-As the World Turns)
1961 Irv Eatman, NFL tackle (Houston Oilers)
1961 Marcia Cross, actress (Melrose Place)
1962 Ravshanbek Aliyev, Kirgiz, cosmonaut
1963 Glenn Trimble, cricketer (son of Sam Two ODI's for Australia 1986)
1963 Lance Smith, NFL guard (NY Giants)
1964 DeDee Pfeiffer, actress (Cybill)
1965 Andrew O Valmon, Brooklyn NY, 400m runner
1965 Harry Galbreath, NFL guard (Green Bay Packers)
1965 Mark Dewey, US baseball player (Pittsburgh Pirates)
1966 Mika Nieminen, Tampere FIN, hockey forward (Team Finland, Oly-br-1998)
1966 Rawley Valberde, Oceanside Calif, actor (Amado-Santa Barbara)
1967 Andy Heck, NFL tackle (Seattle Seahawk, Chicago Bears)
1967 Derrick Thomas, NFL linebacker (KC Chiefs)
1968 John de Visser, soccer player (SC Heerenveen)
1968 Sandy Beasley, Richmond BC, softball outfielder (Olympics-96)
1969 Morris Chestnut, actor (Boyz N the Hood)
1969 Reemt Pyka, Bremerhaven GER, hockey forward (Team Germany)
1970 Brian Morton, Wollongong Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)
1970 Tom Sier, soccer player (SC Heerenveen)
1970 Vadim Glovatskiy, hockey defenseman (Team Kazakhstan Oly-1998)
1971 Beno Bryant, WLAF running back (Amsterdam Admirals)
1971 Bobby Holik, Jihlava Cze, NHL left wing (NJ Devils, Team Czech Rep)
1971 Bridget Pettis, WNBA guard (Phoenix Mercury)
1971 Kevin Lee, NFL wide receiver (NE Patriots)
1971 Kevin Mitchell, NFL linebacker (SF 49ers)
1972 Barron Miles, NFL def back (Pitts Steelers)/WLAF corner (Frankfurt)
1972 Ivan Droppa, hockey defenseman (Team Slovakia 1998)
1973 Clyde Wijnhard, soccer player (Ajax, RKC)
1973 Fang Li, Hunan China, tennis star (1991 Futures-Bilbao-ESP)
1973 Justin Armour, NFL wide receiver (Buffalo Bills)
1973 Mercury Hayes, wide receiver (Atlanta Falcons)
1974 Johnie Church, NFL defensive end (Seattle Seahawks)
1975 Becky Kellar, ice hockey defenseman (Canada, Oly-98)
1975 Chris Anstey, NBA center (Dallas Mavericks)

Events


The start of a new year... Enjoy the bowl games.
Tournament of Roses Parade, Pasadena, Calif
The start of a new year... Enjoy the bowl games.
Tournament of Roses Parade, Pasadena, Calif
1 Origin of Christian Era
69 Roman garrison of Mainz uprising
89 Gov Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome
313 Start of Roman (Pontifical) Indiction
404 Last gladiator competition in Rome
414 King Ataulf of Narbonne marries emperor Honorius sister Galle Placidia
722 Hofmeier Charles Martel flees from bishop Willibrord
990 Russia adopts Julian calendar
1430 Jews of Sicily are no longer required to attend conversionist services
1438 Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Hungary
1494 Juw Dekama elected potentate of Frisia
1502 Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro
1504 King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta
1515 Fran‡ois, Duke of Angoulˆme succeeds Louis XII as Fran‡ois I of France
1515 Jews are expelled from Laibach Austria
1573 Geuzen sets fire to Woudrichem
1583 1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders
1610 German astronomer Simon Marius 1st discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1 1610
1622 Papal Chancery adopts Jan 1 as beginning of the year (was Mar 25)
1651 Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland
1660 1st entry in Samuel Pepys' diary
1660 General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London
1660 Thomas Fairfax' New Model-army occupies York
1672 Jean Racine's "Bajazet," premieres in Paris
1673 Regular mail delivery begins between NY & Boston
1675 Don Carlos de Gurrea/Arag¢n becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
1689 Pro-James II-earl of Danby occupies York
1700 Protestant West-Europe (except England) begin using Gregorian calendar
1700 Russia replaces Byzantines with Julian calendar
1701 Great Britain & Ireland union is in effect, creating United Kingdom
1707 Jacob V succeeds his father Pedro II as king of Portugal
1739 J B C Bouvet de Lozier discovers Bouvet Island, near Antarctica
1770 Date of action in the opera "Madeleine"
1772 1st traveller's checks issued (London)
1776 Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag
1785 "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue
1788 London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times
1788 Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves
1797 Albany replaces NYC as capital of NY
1798 Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
1800 Dutch East Indies Company dissolves
1801 United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland established
1801 Giuseppe Piazzi discoved 1st asteroid, later named Ceres
1801 United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland established
1801 Giuseppe Piazzi discoved 1st asteroid, later named Ceres
1801 Ireland & Great Britain (England & Scotland) form United Kingdom
1804 Haiti gains its independence
1804 Haiti gains its independence
1804 Haiti gains independence from France (National Day)
1807 Cura‡ao is taken by English (until March, 1816)
1808 African Benevolent Society (education) forms
1808 Congress prohibits importation of slaves
1808 Sierra Leone becomes a British colony
1809 Holland Brigade under brig gen Chass‚ reaches Madrid
1814 Field marshal Blcher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub
1818 Official reopening of the White House
1826 Baron Van der Capellen resigns as governor of Dutch-Indies
1827 Dutch Trade Company NHM gets opium monopoly on Java
1831 William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal
1833 British government demands Falkland islands
1833 Cura‡ao census: 2,602 whites, 6,531 free people & 5,894 slaves
1834 German Tolunie goes into effect
1838 1st official horse race in South Australia-Adelaide
1840 1st recorded bowling match in US, Knickerbocker Alleys, NYC
1842 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC
1844 1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week)
1846 Yucatan declares independence from M‚xico
1847 Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
1847 Neth's Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing
1848 Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
1851 City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
1852 1st US public bath opens, in NYC
1852 National debt of Britain & Ireland is œ765,126,582
1852 Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
1853 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
1854 Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford, Penn)
1858 Canada begins using decimal currency system
1860 Slavery ends of in Neth Indies
1861 Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
1861 Pres Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful
1862 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
1862 Battle of Ft McRee, FL Battle of Port Royal, SC (Port Royal Ferry)
1863 Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln.
1863 Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln.
1863 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr
1863 Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
1863 Battle of Helena, AK
1863 Emancipation Proclamation (ending slavery) issued by Lincoln
1863 Franz Schuberts "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig
1865 -Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign
1871 Belgium disbands salt tax
1873 Origin of Japanese Era
1874 New York City annexes the Bronx
1877 England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India
1879 John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig
1880 Building of Panama Canal, begins
1881 Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes
1886 1st Tournament of Roses (Pasadena Calif)
1891 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
1891 King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies
1892 Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY Ellis Island became reception center for new immigrants
1892 Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY Ellis Island became reception center for new immigrants
1892 Ellis Island becomes reception center for new immigrants
1893 1st US college extension courses for credit, Univ of Chicago
1893 Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar
1894 Denmark adopts Mid-European time
1894 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
1895 Norway adopts Mid-European time
1896 Wilhelm R”ntgen announces his discovery of x-rays
1897 1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0
1897 Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY
1898 Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of SF Bay
1898 d'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
1899 Cuba liberated from Spain by US (Natl Day) (US occupies till 1902)
1900 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
1900 British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria established
1900 Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
1901 Commonwealth of Australia established
1901 Commonwealth of Australia established
1901 Australia declares independence from federation of UK colonies
1902 first Rose Bowl game held in Pasadena, California.
1902 first Rose Bowl game held in Pasadena, California.
1902 1st Rose Bowl game (Pasadena, California) (U of Mich-49, Sanford-0)
1902 Nathan Stubblefield makes 1st public demonstration of radio, Penn
1904 Neth Indies colony begins opium production
1905 9 hour work day for diamond miners
1906 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
1907 Pres Theodore Roosevelt shakes a record 8,513 hands in 1 day
1908 1st time, ball signifying new year dropped at Times Square
1908 Jack Hobbs makes his Test debut at the MCG (83 & 28)
1909 Robert Fowler runs then world record marathon (2:52:45.4)
1910 Simpson-Hayward (England) takes 6-43 on debut with underarm lobs
1911 Belgian Mining law introduces 9«-hour work day
1911 South Australia transfers Northern Territory to federal government
1912 first running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles)
1912 first running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles)
1912 1st running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles/12.3 km)
1912 Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic
1913 Post office begins parcel post deliveries
1914 1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
1914 Klaas ter Laan becomes Neth's 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
1914 Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria
1915 DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
1915 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
1916 1st football game in Rose Bowl (Washington State-Brown)
1916 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published
1918 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
1919 Belorussian SSR established
1922 Vancouver, BC starts driving on the right side of road
1923 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
1924 Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/V”lkische Block replaces NSDAP
1925 Norway's capital Christiania changes name to Oslo
1926 Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne
1927 Communist uprising in West Java
1927 Dodgers announce release of future Hall of Fame Zack Wheat
1928 1st US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio
1928 Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) begins broadcasting (Neth)
1929 Roy Riegels runs 60 yds the wrong way with Rose Bowl fumble recovery
1930 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant
1930 Jurgens & Van den Berg merge with Lever Brothers to form Unilever
1932 Jacob Cocey Sr chosen as mayor of Massillon Ohio
1932 Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt publishes Himmler's wedding laws
1934 Alcatraz officially becomes a Federal Prison.
1934 Alcatraz officially becomes a Federal Prison.
1934 Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison
1934 Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective
1934 International Telecommunication Union established
1935 1st Sugar Bowl & 1st Orange Bowl
1935 Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto
1935 Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM
1935 Pres Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Atatrk: Father of Turkey"
1936 1st newspaper to microfilm its current issues, NY Herald Tribune
1937 Anastasio Somoza becomes president of Nicaragua
1937 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
1937 US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
1941 Netherlands begins taxing wages
1941 Russian general Zhukov appointed chief of general staff
1942 Rose Bowl played in NC due to Japanese threat-Oregon 20, Duke 16
1942 US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
1943 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel
1943 Negro League star Josh Gibson suffers a nervous breakdown
1944 1st feature-length foreign movie, African Journey, shown on TV, NYC
1944 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
1944 Gen Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army
1945 France joins the UN
1945 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
1946 ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert
1946 Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god
1946 National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic
1947 Benelux agress to work related issues
1947 Britain nationalizes its coal industry
1947 WTTG TV channel 5 in Washington, DC (MET) begins broadcasting
1948 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena Calif)]=
1948 Bradman scores 132 in the 1st innings of the 3rd Test v India
1948 Britain nationalizes its railways
1948 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
1948 Italy adopts constitution
1948 Orissa province accedes to India
1949 KPRC TV channel 2 in Houston, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
1949 KTTV TV channel 11 in Los Angeles, CA (MET) begins broadcasting
1949 Tokelau (Union) Islands declared part of New Zealand
1950 Dutch Govt raises all wages 5%, minimally Ÿ 5 per week
1950 Ho Chi Minh begins offensive against French troops in Indo China
1951 Massive Chinese/North Korean assault on UN-lines
1952 Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 5th string quartet
1953 Ernest Blochs "Suite Hebraique," premieres
1953 WBRE TV channel 28 in Wilkes-Barre Scranton, PA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1954 KSLA TV channel 12 in Shreveport, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 Rose & Cotton Bowl are 1st sport colorcasts
1954 WWTV TV channel 9 in Cadillac-Traverse City, MI (CBS) 1st broadcast
1954 Yugoslav parliament chairman/VP Milovan Djilas criticize communism
1955 Bhutan issues its 1st postage stamps
1955 WEAT (now WPEC) TV channel 12 in West Palm Beach, FL (CBS) begins
1956 Sudan gains its independence
1956 Sudan gains its independence
1956 Elvis Presley records Heartbreak Hotel for RCA in Nashville
1956 KHAS TV channel 5 in Hastings, NB (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 KOSA TV channel 7 in Odessa, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) declares independence from Egypt & UK
1956 WREC (now WREG) TV channel 3 in Memphis, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting
1957 Benjamin Britten's ballet "Prince & the Pauper," premieres in London
1957 France returns Saar to becomes the 10th state of German Federal Rep
1957 International Geophysical Year begins; ends 6/30/1958 (18-mo year)
1958 European Economic Community (EEC) starts operation.
1958 European Economic Community (EEC) starts operation.
1958 BOAC Britannia flies London to NY in a record 7h57m
1958 European Economic Community (Common Market) starts operation
1958 Sammy Davis Jr marries Loray White
1958 Treaties establish European Economic Community (Common Market)
1958 WMBD TV channel 31 in Peoria, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1959 Castro leads Cuba to victory as Fulgencio Batista flees to Dom Rep
1959 Chad becomes autonomous republic in French Community
1959 Rohan Kanhai completes 256 v India at Calcutta
1960 Bank of France issues new franc, worth 20›
1960 Cameroon (French Cameroon) gains independence from France
1960 Johnny Cash plays 1st of many free concerts behind bars
1960 Montserrat adopts constitution
1960 US census at 179,245,000
1961 Briggs Stadium is renamed Tigers Stadium
1961 Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16 in AFL championship game
1961 Largest check issued, Natl Bank of Chicago to Sears ($960.242 billion)
1961 Russia introduces a new ruble worth $1.11
1962 Beatles' Decca audition is unsuccessful
1962 Rwanda granted internal self-government by Belgium
1962 Western Samoa gains independence from New Zealand Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes co-chief of Western Samoa
1963 G Woods succeeds Eugene Black as president of the World Bank
1963 WTEV (now WLNE) TV channel 6 in Providence RI begins broadcasting
1964 Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland dissolved
1964 KNMT TV channel 12 in Walker, MN (CBS) begins broadcasting
1964 KTVS TV channel 3 in Sterling, CO (CBS) begins broadcasting
1965 International Cooperation Year begins
1965 Palestinian al-Fatah organization forms
1966 12 day transit worker strike shuts down NYC subway
1966 Milt coup by Col Jean-B‚del Bokassa in Central African Republic
1966 Simon & Garfunkel's "Sounds of Silence" reaches #1
1966 All US cigarette packs have to carry "Caution Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health"
1967 CRU becomes the CAFA & turns over the Grey Cup trophy to the CFL
1967 Day's play in the Calcutta Test v W Indies cancelled by riots
1967 FCC requires AM-FM sister stations to be at least 50% different
1967 Green Bay Packers beat Dallas Cowboys 34-27 in NFL championship game
1967 KC Chiefs beat Buffalo Bills 31-7 in AFL championship game
1967 St Helena adopts constitution
1967 Tonga revises constitution
1967 WABW TV channel 14 in Pelham, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 ABC radio splits into 4 networks (Info, Entertainment, Contemp & FM)
1968 Evel Knievel fails in his attempt to jump C‘sar's Palace Fountain
1968 Netherlands gets color TV
1968 WDCO TV channel 15 in Cochran, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1969 Jack Kent Cooke, owner of NHL's LA Kings, fines each player $100 for "NOT" arguing with the referee
1970 Unix epoch begins at 00:00:00 UTC.
1970 Unix epoch begins at 00:00:00 UTC.
1970 Unix epoch begins at 00:00:00 UTC.
1970 Unix epoch begins at 00:00:00 UTC.
1970 Unix epoch begins at 00:00:00 UTC.
1970 "The Epoch" (Time 0 for UNIX systems, Midnight GMT)
1970 Afro-American Historical Calendar Series Established
1970 Charles "Chub" Feeney becomes president of baseball's National League
1970 Neth Christian Workers Union (NCW) forms
1970 Revised calendar for Western (RC) Church goes into effect
1971 Cigarette advertisements banned on TV
1971 Cigarette advertisements banned on TV
1971 Cigarette advertisements banned on TV
1972 "Company" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 690 performances
1972 "On the Town" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 65 performances
1972 "Promises Promises" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 1281 perfs
1972 China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
1972 International Book Year begins
1972 KDSD TV channel 16 in Aberdeen, SD (PBS) begins broadcasting
1973 47th Australian Women's Tennis: Margaret Court beats Goolagong (64 75)
1973 Britain, Ireland & Denmark become 7th-9th members of Common Market
1973 West African Economic Community formed (Benin, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Upper Volta)
1974 Lee MacPhail takes over as AL president, succeeding Joe Cronin
1974 NBC radio begins on the hour news 24 hours a day (following CBS lead)
1974 World Population Year begins
1975 Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell & Mardian convicted of Watergate crime
1975 International Women's Year begins
1975 Sweden adopts constitution
1976 "Musical Jubilee" closes at St James Theater NYC after 92 performances
1976 Liberty Bell moves to new home behind Independence Hall
1976 NBC replaces the peacock logo
1976 Venezuela nationalizes oil fields
1977 1st woman formally ordained an Episcopal priest (Jacqueline Means)
1977 Belgium reapportions 2,359 communities into 596
1977 Czech intellects begin Human Rights Group Chapter 77
1977 Tony Dorsett runs for record 202 yards in the Sugar Bowl
1978 "Your Arm's Too Short..." closes at Lyceum NYC after 429 perfs
1978 Air India B747 explodes near Bombay killing 213
1978 Pres Ford signs 1st major revision of copyright law since 1909
1979 Intel introduces 8088 discount processor.
1979 Intel introduces 8088 discount processor.
1979 Intel introduces 8088 discount processor.
1979 Intel introduces 8088 discount processor.
1979 Intel introduces 8088 discount processor.
1979 International Year of the Child begins
1979 Jura, 26th canton of Switzerland, established
1979 US & China (Peoples Republic) begin diplomatic relations
1980 54th Australian Womens Tennis: Barbara Jordan beats S Walsh (63 63)
1980 Alabama beats Arkansas in Sugar Bowl for college football championship
1980 Chrysler UK renamed Talbot
1980 International Decade of Water & Sanitation begins
1980 Mob storms Russian embassy in Teheran
1980 Premier Adbou Diouf becomes president of Senegal
1980 Sweden changes order of succession to throne
1981 Georgia beats Notre Dame in Sugar Bowl for college football title
1981 Greece is 10th country to join European Economic Community
1981 International Year for the Disabled begins
1981 Palau (Trust Territory of Pacific Is) becomes self-governing
1981 Roger Smith becomes CEO of General Motors
1982 30 Something stars Ken Olin & Patricia Wettig meet, later they marry
1982 Clemson wins the Orange Bowl for college football championship
1982 Javier P‚rez de Cuellar becomes sec-gen of UN
1982 MTA launches a 5 year plan to upgrade the NYC subway system
1982 Pope John Paul II prays for an end to martial law in Poland
1982 TA launches 5 year capital program to overhaul NYC subway system
1983 Arpanet begins using Internet Protocol (IP), creating the Internet.
1983 Arpanet begins using Internet Protocol (IP), creating the Internet.
1983 Arpanet begins using Internet Protocol (IP), creating the Internet.
1983 Arpanet begins using Internet Protocol (IP), creating the Internet.
1983 Arpanet begins using Internet Protocol (IP), creating the Internet.
1983 PGA inaugurates all-exempt tour
1983 Penn State beats Georgia in Sugar Bowl for college football title
1983 World Communications Year begins
1984 AT & T broken up into 8 companies.
1984 AT & T broken up into 8 companies.
1984 AT&T's 22 owned Bell system companies divests into 8 companies
1984 Brunei becomes independent of UK
1984 NYC transit fare rises from 75› to 90›
1985 Actress Judith Licht (Who's the Boss) gets married
1985 International Youth Year begins
1985 US's 1st manadatory seat belt law goes into effect (NY)
1985 VH-1 made its broadcasting debut
1986 Spain & Portugal become 11th & 12th members of Common Market
1986 Spain & Portugal become 11th & 12th members of Common Market
1986 Aruba becomes independent from neighbor island Cura‡ao
1986 Barbra Striesand & Jon Peters relationship breaks up
1986 International Peace Year begins
1986 NYC transit fare rises from 90› to $1.00
1986 Oklahoma wins Orange Bowl for college football championship
1986 Spain & Portugal are 11th & 12th to join European Economic Community
1986 Iowa's All-American running back, Ronnie Harmon, fumbles the ball 4 times in his last game-the Rose Bowl
1987 60 bodies recovered in Dupont Plaza Hotel fire in Puerto Rico
1987 China's rudimentary civil code in effect
1987 International Year of Shelter for Homeless begins
1988 Czech born tennis star Hana Mandikova becomes an Australian Citizen
1988 Miami beats Oklahoma for college football championship
1988 Year of the Reader begins
1989 Actress Kelly McGillis gets married
1989 NYC transit fare rises from $1.00 to $1.15
1989 Year of the Young Reader begins
1990 David Dinkins sworn in as 1st black mayor of NYC
1990 Mitsuko Nishiwaki beats Nakano to become Japan Women wrestling champ
1990 NYC MTA stops token redemption at subway stations
1990 Sports News Network begins operation on cable TV
1990 FCC implements "SYNDEX" giving independent stations more rights over cable TV outlets for exclusive syndicated programs
1991 5% sales tax on consumer goods & services goes into effect in USSR
1991 Iraq rejects peace proposal from Egyptian Pres Hosi Mubarak
1991 Les Miserables opens at Festival Theatre, Adelaide
1992 Bush is 1st US pres to address Australian Parliament
1992 Cura‡ao becomes 1st in Dutch Antilles to have compulsory education
1992 Europe breaks down trade barriers
1992 International Space Year begins
1992 NYC transit fare increases from $1.15 to $1.25
1993 12 member European Economic Community set up vast free trade zone
1993 Blockbuster Bowl 3: Stanford beats Penn State, 24-3
1993 Cigarette advertisements are banned in NYC's MTA
1993 Czechoslovakia separates into Czech Republic (Bohemia) & Slovakia
1993 Harry Connick Jr arrested at a NY airport for gun possession
1994 "Flying Karamzov Brothers" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 50 perfs
1994 "Grand Night after Singing" closes at Criterion NYC after 52 perfs
1994 Aleksandr Popov swims world record 100m free style (47.83)
1994 Carquest Bowl 4: Boston College beats Virginia, 32-13
1994 Howard Stern's New Year's Eve Beauty Pageant
1994 International Year of Family
1994 Jacobs Field opens with "Gateway's New Year's Eve Countdown to '94"
1994 Microsoft CEO Bill Gates (38) marries Melinda French (29)
1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect
1995 "Glass Menagerie" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 57 perfs
1995 "Shadow Box" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 49 performances
1995 Austria, Finland & Sweden act to join European Union
1995 Centennial of Canadian Mounties presence in Canada's Yukon Territory
1995 Fernando Henrique Cardoso installed as president of Brazil
1995 International Year of Tolerance
1995 Last "Far Side" by cartoonist Gary Larson (started 1980)
1995 Raman Lamba & Ravi Sehgal score 464 for 1st wicket for Delhi
1995 for"Tuna Christmas" closes at Booth Theater NYC 20 performances
1996 After 27 years, Betty Rubble debuts as a Flintstone vitamin
1996 Cura‡ao gains limited form of self rule (Status Aparte)
1998 All Calif bars, clubs & card rooms must be smoke-free
1998 Mongolia switches from a 46 hour to 40 hour work week
1998 US Census Bureau estimates population at 268,921,733
1999 International Year of Elderly
2002 Euro begins legal tender.
2002 Euro begins legal tender.
2002 Euro begins legal tender.
2002 Euro begins legal tender.
2002 Euro begins legal tender.
2304 Mid-CALENDAR day
6000 1st reversible date since 11/11/1999

That's All....

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