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Monday, December 17, 2018.



Birthdays


Arthur Fiedler, conductor.
Arthur Fiedler, conductor.
1493 Philippus A Paracelsus, Swiss physician/alchemist (Liber paramixum)
1554 Ernst of Bayern, prince/bishop of Liege/archbishop of Cologne
1619 Ruprecht, prince of Palts/admiral/chemist/engraver/mathematician
1638 Johann Ulrich Sultzberger, composer
1706 Chƒtelet, la belle Emilie, French writer
1706 Gabrielle Chƒtelet, [La belle Emilie], French writer (Voltaire)
1734 William Floyd, US soldier/signer (Declaration of Independence)
1749 Domenico Cimarosa, Italian composer (Il Matrimonio Segreto)
1770 Johann Friedrich Schubert, composer
1770 Ludwig Von Beethoven, composer (5th Symphony, Ode to Joy)
1778 Sir Humphry Davy, discovered several chemical elements
1778 Sir Humphry Davy, discovered several chemical elements
1778 Hunphry Davy, English chemist (discovered some elements)
1797 Joseph Henry, US, scientist/inventor/pioneer of electromagnetism
1800 Gergely Czuczor, Hung/Czech poet/translator (Great Hung dictionary)
1801 Johan NMJ, king of Saxon (1854-73) (translated Divina Commedia)
1807 John Greenleaf Whittier, US, poet (Snow-bound)
1819 Samuel Jones, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
1820 Frederick Tracy Dent, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
1821 Frederick West Lander, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
1824 John Kerr, System physicist (electro-visually Kerr-effect)
1824 Manning Ferguson Force, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1899
1824 Thomas Starr King, NY, Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity)
1830 Jules de Goncourt, France, novelist (Germinie)
1833 James Thadeus Holtzclaw, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1893
1835 Alexander E Agassiz, US, businessman/biologist/geology
1838 Berthold Tours, composer
1840 Christian Frederik Emil Horneman, composer
1842 M.S. Lie --1899
1842 M.S. Lie --1899
1842 M.S. Lie --1899
1842 M.S. Lie --1899
1842 Marius Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician (continous groups)
1842 M.S. Lie --1899
1848 Frederick Grant Gleason, composer
1853 Herbert Beerbohm Tree, England, actor/theater manager (Trilby)
1859 Willem C Grnings, Cura‡aos publisher (People's Friend)
1861 Fritz Volbach, German musicologist/conductor/composer
1863 Ion Vidu, composer
1864 John Felix August Korling, composer
1869 Nikolay Ivanovich Kazanli, composer
1873 Ford Madox Ford, England, novelist/editor (Inheritors)
1874 William Lyon Mackenzie King, (L), 10th Canadian PM (1921-30, 1935-48)
1876 J£lio A Peixoto, Brazilian writer (O esfinge)
1881 Aubrey Faulkner, cricketer (great S Afr all-rounder early 20th cent)
1881 Johannes CB "Jan" Sluyters, Dutch painter
1889 Vaslav F Nijinski, Ukraine/US ballet dancer (l'aprŠs-midi d'une faune)
1891 Robertson Hare, London England, actor (Our Girl Friday, Banana Ridge)
1893 Erwin Piscator, German stage director (Der Stellvertreter)
1894 Arthur Fiedler
1894 Arthur Fiedler
1894 Arthur Fiedler
1894 Arthur Fiedler
1894 Arthur Fiedler
1894 Arthur Fiedler, Boston Mass, conductor (Boston Pops)
1894 Hans Henny Jahnn, writer
1894 Hans [Henry] Kramers, Dutch theoretical physicist (quantum mechanics)
1894 Willem Schermerhorn, Neth premier (1945-46)
1895 David Butler, SF CA, director (April in Paris, Calamity Jane)
1900 Lucijan Marija Skerjanc, Yugoslavia, composer/conductor
1902 Simon Drach, writer
1903 Erskine P Caldwell, author (Tobacco Road, God's Little Acre)
1904 Dmitri B Kabalevsky, St Petersburg Russia, composer (In the Fire) [OS]
1904 Paul Cadmus, NYC, etcher/painter (Sailors & Floozies)
1905 Joseph Heifitz, film director
1906 Fernando Lopez-Garcia, composer
1908 Willard Frank Libby, inventor (carbon-14 "atomic clock" (Nobel 1960))
1908 William Brocklesby Wordsworth, composer
1909 Ferdinand H Aus der Fnten, German war criminal (Breda 4)
1910 Keki Khursedji Tarapore, cricketer (0-72 in his only Test for India)
1911 William Roerick, actor (Guiding Light)
1914 Mushtaq Ali, cricketer (prolific Indian batsman of 30's & 40's)
1916 Antoine G T "Toon" Hermans, Dutch entertainer/poet (Kolderliedjes)
1917 Louis Salvador Palange, composer
1920 Armin Mueller-Stahl, Tilsit East Prussia, actor (Kafka, Music Box)
1922 Eric Brand, diplomat
1922 Hubert H A Beckers, Cura‡aoan opera singer
1925 Rijk de Gooyer, Dutch actor (Black Rider, Rififi in Amsterdam)
1926 Jeremy Brooks, writer
1926 Patrice Wymore, Miltonville KS, actress (The Big Tree)
1927 Richard Long, Chic Ill, actor (Prof-Nanny & the Professor)
1928 Marilyn Beck, newspaper columnist
1929 William Safire
1929 William Safire
1929 William Safire
1929 William Safire
1929 William Safire
1929 William Safire, political columnist (NY Times)/speech writer (Nixon)
1930 Bob Guccione
1930 Bob Guccione
1930 Bob Guccione
1930 Bob Guccione
1930 Bob Guccione
1930 Bob Guccione, [Robert C J Edwa], US publisher (Penthouse, Omni)
1930 Julia Meade, actress/TV hostess (Spotlight Playhouse)
1930 Makoto Moroi, composer
1931 Yvonne Keuls, [Bamberg], Dutch writer (Jan Rap & Co)
1933 Bruce Morrison, cricketer (one Test NZ v England 1963)
1933 Paul Snoek, [Edm Schietekat], Belgian poet
1935 Cal Ripken Sr, baseball manager (Balt Orioles)
1936 Frank Martinus Arion, [F Efraim M], Antilles, writer (Double Play)
1936 Roland Sheldon, pitcher (NY Yankees)
1936 Tommy Steele, London, singer/actor (« a Sixpence, Finian's Rainbow)
1937 Art Neville, New Orleans LA, vocalist (Neville Brothers)
1939 Eddie Kendricks, Alabama, rocker (Temptations-My Girl, Boogie Down)
1939 James Booker, New Orleans, R & B musician (Gonzo)
1939 Novella Nelson, Bkln NY, actress (Nellie Cole-Chiefs)
1942 Bernard Hill, Manchester, actor (Bellman & True, New World, Bounty)
1942 Paul Butterfield, Chicago, blues musician (Better Days)
1943 Dave Dee, rocker
1943 William Brooks, composer
1944 Ference Bene, Hungary, record 12 soccer goals (Olympic-gold-1964)
1944 Jack L[aurence] Chalker, US, sci-fi author (Saga of Well World)
1945 Christopher Cazenove, England, actor (Ben-Dynasty)
1945 Ernie Hudson, Benton Harbor MI, actor (Ghostbusters, Weeds)
1946 Albert Padmore, cricketer (WI off-spinner mid-70s)
1946 Eugene Levy, Hamilton Canada, comedian/writer (SCTV)
1947 Marilyn Hassett, LA Ca,, actress (Bell Jar, Other Side of Mt)
1947 Simon Bates, English DJ
1947 Wes Studi, actor (Last of the Mohicans)
1948 Jim Alexander, rocker
1948 Jim Bonfanti, rocker (Raspberries-Go All the Way)
1949 Paul Rodgers, Engl, rocker (Bad Company-Feel Like Makin Love, Firm)
1950 Carlton Barrett, Jamaicans reggae drummer (Bob Marley & Wailers)
1951 Tatyana Kazankina, USSR, middle distance runner (Olympics-gold-1976)
1951 Wanda Hutchison, rocker
1952 Hans Alders, Dutch minister of environment (PvdA)
1952 Mickey Jones, Wash DC, rock bassist
1953 Barry Livingston, LA Calif, actor (Ernie-My 3 Sons)
1953 Ikue Ile Mori, rocker
1953 Mark Gane, Toronto Canada, rocker (M+M)
1954 Bill Pullman, actor (Sommersby, League of their Own, Independence Day)
1957 Bob Ojeda, pitcher (NY Mets)
1958 Mike Mills
1958 Mike Mills
1958 Mike Mills
1958 Mike Mills
1958 Mike Mills
1958 Mike Mills, US pop bassist (REM-One I Love)
1959 Albert King, actor (BB King & Friends, Blues Alive)
1959 Michelle Mackall, Washington DC, LPGA golfer (1995 Friendly's-32nd)
1959 Tammie Green, Somerset OH, LPGA golfer (1989 du Maurier Ltd Classic)
1961 Sarah Dallin, rocker (Bananarama-Venus)
1961 Venice Kong, St Mary Jamaica, playmate (September, 1985)
1962 Giulla Boschi, Italian actress (Act of Contrition, Bonus Malus)
1962 Rocco Anthony Mediate, Greensburg PA, PGA golfer (1991 Doral-Ryder)
1964 Eric Brown, NYC, actor (Buzz-Mama's Family)
1964 Frank Musil, Pardubice Cze, NHL defenseman (Ottawa Senators)
1964 Joe Wolf, NBA forward/center (Orlando Magic, Denver Nuggets)
1964 Tyrone Braxton, NFL safety (Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32)
1965 Craig Berube, Calahoo, NHL left wing (Washington Capitals)
1965 Jeff Grayer, NBA guard (Charlotte Hornets, Olympics-bronze-1988)
1965 Scott Edward Gump, Rockledge FL, PGA golfer (1991 International-2nd)
1966 Hans Visser, Dutch soccer player (MVV, FC Utrecht)
1967 Alan Nolet, Toronto Ontario, gymnist (Olympics-96)
1967 Pauline Maurice, Welland Ontario, softball outfielder (Olympics-96)
1967 Vincent Damphousse, Montreal, NHL center (Montreal Canadiens)
1968 Curtis Pride, Washington DC, outfielder (Detroit Tigers)
1968 Jeff[rey] Klepacki, Kearny NJ, rower (Olympics-1992, 96)
1969 Dean Wilson, Kaneohe Hawaii, golfer (1991 Western Athletic)
1969 Marc Davis, Oceanside Calif, 3K steeplechase runner (Goodwill-gold-94)
1969 Marty Carter, NFL safety (Chic Bears)
1969 Rob Maas, Dutch soccer player (Feyenoord)
1969 Scott Player, WLAF punter (Frankfurt Galaxy)
1970 Benedictine, [St Bernard]; becomes heaviest known dog (137 kg)
1970 Earl Dotson, NFL tackle (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)
1970 Michael Mols, soccer player (FC Twente)
1971 Alyson Habetz, Crowley LA, female pitcher (Colo Silver Bullets)
1971 Carl Reeves, NFL defensive end (Chic Bears)
1971 Mark Byers, WLAF linebacker (Frankfurt Galaxy)
1971 Nikki McCray, Collierville Tenn, basketball guard (Olympics-gold-96)
1971 Sari Kristiina Fisk, ice hockey defenseman (Finland, Oly-98)
1971 Tony Richardson, NFL fullback (KC Chiefs)
1972 Brian Williams, NFL linebacker (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)
1972 Dewayne Washington, cornerback (Minnesota Vikings)
1972 Don Davis, linebacker (New Orleans Saints)
1972 Ivan Pedroso, Cuba, long jumper (Olympics-4th-92)
1974 Giovonni Ribisi, actor (Cory-My 2 Dads, New Leave it To Beaver)
1975 Milla Jovovich, Kiev Ukraine, actress (Return to Blue Lagoon, Chaplin)
1975 Napiera Danielle Groves, Miss USA-Wash DC (1997, Miss Congeniality)
1975 Nick Farrell, East York Ontario, boxer (Olympics-96)
1979 Cheri Vivette Alexander, Miss District of Columbia Teen USA (1997)
1981 Emma Laaksonen, ice hockey defenseman (Finland, Oly-98)

Events


first day of Saturnalia, Roman festival honoring Saturn
first day of Saturnalia, Roman festival honoring Saturn
283 St Gaius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1526 Ferdinand of Austria chosen as King of Bohemia
1526 Pope Clemens VII publishes degree Cum ad zero - forms Inquisition
1538 Pope Paul III excommunicates England's King Henry VIII
1538 Pope Paul III excommunicates England's King Henry VIII
1538 Pope Paul III excommunicated England's King Henry VIII
1572 Spanish army begins fires in Haarlem Netherlands
1587 Earl Leicesters army leaves Netherlands
1638 French/Swedish troops occupy Breisach on the Rhine
1718 England declares war on Spain
1728 Congregation Shearith Israel of NY purchases a lot on Mill Street in lower Manhattan, to build NY's 1st synagogue
1745 Bonnie Prince Charles army retreats to Scotland
1777 France recognizes independance of the 13 colonies in America.
1777 France recognizes independance of the 13 colonies in America.
1777 France recognizes independence of English colonies in America
1777 George Washingtons army returns to Valley Forge Pa
1788 Russian army of Grigorij Potemkin occupies Och rov
1790 an Aztec calendar stone is discovered in Mexico City.
1790 an Aztec calendar stone is discovered in Mexico City.
1790 Aztec calendar stone discovered in M‚xico City
1791 New York City traffic regulation creates the 1st one-way street
1791 New York City traffic regulation creates the 1st one-way street
1791 NYC traffic regulation creates 1st 1-way street
1792 Opening of 1st legislative assembly of Lower Canada in Qu‚bec city
1798 1st impeachment trial against a US senator (Wm Blount, TN) begins
1819 Congress of Angostura establishes Colombia's independence from Spain
1821 Kentucky abolishes debtors prisons
1832 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin sails in Strait Le Maire
1843 Charles Dickens's classic, "A Christmas Carol" is published.
1843 Charles Dickens's classic, "A Christmas Carol" is published.
1852 1st Hawaiian cavalry organized
1860 Anaheim Township created in Los Angeles County
1862 Gen US Grant issues order #11, expelling Jews from Tennessee
1864 Battle of Franklin, TN
1865 Franz Schubert's "Unvolendete" Symphony," premieres
1875 Violent bread riots in Montr‚al
1885 France declares Madagascar a protectorate
1887 Georges Feydeaus' "Tailleur Pour Dames" premieres in Paris
1892 Tsjaikovski's ballet "Casse-noisette," premieres in St Petersburg
1893 Russia ratifies Duple Alliance with France
1894 Cricket day 3 1T Aus v Eng Eng 325 all out, 261 behind on 1st inn
1895 Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, DC
1895 George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Mass)
1900 1st prize of 100,00 francs offered for communications with extraterrestrials. Martians excluded-considered too easy
1900 New Ellis Island Immigration station completed costing $1.5 million
1902 Frank Wedekind's "Der Erdgeist," premieres in Berlin
1903 1st sustained motorized air flight at 10:35AM, for 12 seconds, by the Wright Brothers (of course).
1903 1st sustained motorized air flight at 10:35AM, for 12 seconds, by the Wright Brothers (of course).
1903 At 10:35 AM, 1st sustained motorized aircraft flight (Orville Wright)
1907 Ugyen Wangchuck became 1st hereditary king of Bhutan
1909 Leopold II, king of Belgium, buried in Brussels
1914 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
1914 Great Britain declares Egypt a protectorate
1914 Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities
1919 Austria parliament approves 8-hour day
1920 AL votes to let spitball pitchers to continue using it
1920 British Empire receives League of Nations mandate to Nauru
1920 Japan receives League of Nations mandate over Pacific islands
1920 South Africa receives League of Nations mandate over SW Africa
1922 Last British troops leave Ireland Freestate
1923 Greek king George II overthrown by army/republic
1924 1st US diesel electric locomotive enters service, Bronx, NY
1925 Col William "Billy" Mitchell court-martial for insubordination
1925 Russia & Turkey sign non-aggresion pact
1926 German Marx govt falls due to cooperation with red army
1926 KYA-AM in San Francisco CA begins radio transmissions
1926 Lithuanian military state under gen Augustine Woldemaras
1927 Bradman scores 118 on 1st-class cricket debut, 188 mins 8 fours
1927 US sub 'S-4' sinks after collision kills all 34 aboard
1927 Victoria score 793 against Queensland, Bill Ponsford 437
1928 John McGraw backs NL Pres John Heydler's designated hitter idea
1932 Cards trade Jim Bottomley to Reds for Estel Crabtree & Ownie Carroll
1933 B H Valentine scores 133 on Test Cricket debut, Eng v India at Bombay
1933 Lala Amarnath scores century on Test Cricket debut (went on to 118)
1933 Spain's 2nd Govt of Lerroux forms
1933 NFL starts official stats as Bears beat Giants 23-21 in champ game
1936 Ventriloquist Edgar Bergen & dummy Charlie McCarthy, appear on TV
1938 Utrecht Central Station destroyed by fire
1939 German pocket battleship Graf Spee scuttled by its crew off Uruguay
1940 British troops occupies Sollum
1941 Dutch & Australian troops lands on Portuguese-Timor
1941 German submarine U-31 sunk
1941 German troops led by Rommel begin retreating in North Africa
1942 Allies in London sentence German war criminals
1943 Transport 63 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1944 Green Bay Packers win NFL championship
1944 Japanese-Americans released from detention camps
1944 M-Ocean View streetcar resumes service & is extended to Market St
1944 US Army announces end of excluding Jap-Americans from West Coast
1944 US destroyers sink in storm off Philippines, 790 killed
1946 Bradman & Barnes complete 405 run 5th wkt stand, score 234 ea
1946 US V-2 rocket reaches 183 km, White Sands Proving Grounds, NM
1947 NY struck by a blizzard, resulting with 27" of snow
1947 WEWS TV channel 5 in Cleveland, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1949 "Regina" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 86 performances
1949 Burma recognizes People's Republic of China
1951 Dutch Communist Party members forbidden to be civil servants
1953 Dmitri Shostakovitch' 10th Symphony, premieres in Leningrad
1953 FCC approves RCA's black & white-compatible color TV specifications
1954 1st fully automated railroad freight yard (Gary, Indiana)
1954 WEAU TV channel 13 in Eau Claire, WI (NBC) begins broadcasting
1957 US successfully test-fires Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile
1959 "On The Beach," is 1st film to premiere on both sides of Iron Curtain
1959 1st movie opening simultaneously in major cities (On The Beach)
1960 "La Plume de Ma Tante" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 835 perfs
1960 "Take Me Along" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 448 performances
1960 Pablo Casals' oratorio "El Pesebrio," premieres
1961 Disgruntled employee set fire to a circus tent in Niteroi Brazil
1961 India seizes Goa & 2 other Portuguese colonies
1961 Niteroi Circus of Rio de Janeiro catches fire; 323 die
1962 Beatles 1st British TV appearance (People & Places)
1962 Current constitution of Monaco promulgated
1963 Tsjoi Doo Sun forms govt in South Korea
1963 West & East Berlin sign accord about travel rules
1965 Astrodome opens, 1st event is Judy Garland & Supremes concert
1965 British government proclaims ends oil-embargo against Rhodesia
1965 David Levy begins his search for comets
1965 Dutch govt shuts Limburgs coal mine
1965 Largest newspaper-Sunday NY Times at 946 pages (50›)
1967 WEDW TV channel 49 in Bridgeport, CT (PBS) begins broadcasting
1969 Tiny Tim and Miss Vicki are married on network television in front of 50 million underwhelmed viewers.
1969 Tiny Tim and Miss Vicki are married on network television in front of 50 million underwhelmed viewers.
1969 50m TV viewers saw singer Tiny Tim marry Miss Vicky, on Tonight Show
1969 USAF closes Project Blue Book, concluding no evidence of extraterrestrial spaceships behind thousands of UFO sightings
1970 Gdansk, Poland shipworkers strike
1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1971 "Diamonds are Forever" premieres in US
1971 Cease fire between India & Pakistan in Kashmir
1971 Radio Bangladesh begins transmitting
1972 New line of control agreed to in Kashmir between India & Pakistan
1972 WGVC (now WUCX) TV channel 35 in Grand Rapids, MI (PBS) 1st broadcast
1973 Arabs terrorists shoot passengers on Boeing 737 to Kuwait
1975 1st time NY Islanders shut-out NY Rangers, 3-0-Billy Smith's 5th
1975 John Paul Stevens appointed to Supreme Court
1975 Lynette Fromme sentenced to life for attempt on Pres Ford's life
1976 Superstation WTBS in Atlanta went national
1977 Bobby Simpson scores 176 Australia v India at the WACA, aged 41
1977 Elvis Costello & The Attractions 1st US TV appearance (SNL)
1977 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1978 OPEC raises oil prices 18%
1978 Referendum approves new constitution of Rwanda
1979 Budweiser rocket car reaches 1190 kph (record for wheeled vehicle)
1980 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1980 Mauritania provisional constitution published
1981 Members of Red Brigades kidnap Brig Gen James L Dozier
1983 "Peg" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 5 performances
1983 Bomb attack on Harrod's war house in London, 5 killed, 94 injured
1983 Disco in Madrid catches fire; 83 die
1984 NJ Devils 1st penalty shot-Rocky Trottier scores against Edmonton(?)
1984 NJ Devils 1st shutout, Glenn Resch makes 42 saves beat Minn, 2-0
1986 US Congress forms "Irangate" committee
1986 Mrs Davina Thompson makse medical history by having the 1st heart, lung & liver transplant (Papworth Hospital in Cambridge, England)
1987 Czechoslovak party leader Gustav Hus k resigns
1988 77th Davis Cup: Germany beats Sweden in Gothenburg (4-1)
1988 Bryan Murray becomes 17th NHL coach to win 300 games (Wash Caps)
1988 NY Islanders break 12 game losing streak, beat Devils 5-2
1988 USS Tennessee, 1st sub to carry Trident 2 missiles, commissioned
1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1989 78th Davis Cup: Germany beats Sweden in Stuttgart (3-2)
1989 Brazil elects conservative Fernando Collor de Mello pres
1989 Michael Bevan scores cricket century on 1st-class debut (114 SA v WA)
1989 Patti Rizzo/Mike Hill wins LPGA Mazda Golf Championship
1990 KTBN, Salt Lake City Utah, begins shortwave radio transmissions
1991 Cleveland Cavaliers beat Miami Heat 148-80, by record 68 pts
1991 NBA's most lopsided game Cleveland beats Miami 148-80
1991 Patrick Manning becomes premier of Trinidad & Tobago
1991 Soap opera "One Life To Live" airs its 6,000th episode
1992 "Christmas Carol" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 22 performances
1992 Gen Suwa finds tooth of 4.4 million year old Australopithecus ramidus
1993 Bangladesh moslem call for murder of feminist Taslima Nasrin
1993 Kevin Scott skates world record 1000 m (1:12.54)
1993 Northern Exposure star Barry Corbin falls off his horse
1993 Tennis star Boris Becker (26) weds Barbara Feltus (27)
1994 KLM's last DC-10 goes out of service
1995 "School after Scandal" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 23 perfs

That's All....

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