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Monday, December 24, 2018.



Birthdays


1167 John "without a land", king of England (1199-1216)
1564 Abraham C Bloemaert, painter/cartoonist/engraver
1653 Georg Motz, composer
1679 Domenico Natale Sarro, composer
1689 French van Mieris "the Young", Dutch painter/historian
1714 Rainieri De Calzabigi, Italian's literary (1st European Lottery)
1716 Patrice F earl De N‚ny, South Netherlands chairman of Secret Council
1719 Johann Christoph Altnikol, composer
1726 Johann Ernst Hartmann, composer
1745 Benjamin Rush, Byberry Pa, physician/general/signer (Decl of Indep)
1754 George Crabbe, Aldeburgh England, poet (Everlasting Mercy)
1761 SelŒm III, poet/composer/sultan of Turkey (1789-1808)
1773 Joseph Wolfl, composer
1791 A EugŠne Scribe, French dramatist (Bertrand et Raton)
1798 Adam B Mickiewicz, Poland, national poet (Pan Tadeusz)
1809 Kit Carson
1809 Kit Carson
1809 Kit Carson
1809 Kit Carson, Western scout.
1809 Kit Carson
1809 Kit Carson, Western scout.
1809 Kit Carson
1809 Christopher "Kit" Carson, KY, Union brig-general/indian fighter
1812 Henry Russell, composer
1813 Henry Wellington Greatorex, composer
1818 James Prescott Joule, physicist (discovered conservation of energy)
1822 Charles Hermite, French mathematician (E is Transcendent)
1822 Matthew Arnold, England, poet/critic (Dover Beach)
1824 Peter Cornelius, composer
1826 Ignacy Krzyzanowski, composer
1829 Benjamin Ipavec, composer
1829 Jose Rogel, composer
1837 Sissi, Emperor of Austria
1859 Roman Statkowski, composer
1867 Manuel de Oliveira Lima, Brazilian historian/diplomat
1867 Tevfik Fikret, Turkish poet (Servet-i Fnun, Sis)
1868 Emanuel Lasker, Germany, world chess champion (1894-21)
1869 Henri‰tte GA Roland Holst-van der Schalk, Dutch poet (Women in Forest)
1870 Rosario Scalero, composer
1871 Henri Stroethoff, Dutch actor (A Chique Little Boy)
1879 Stanislav Pylypovych Lyudkevych, composer
1881 Bronislaw Zygmunt Szulc, composer
1881 Charles Wakefield Cadman, composer
1881 Juan Ram¢n Jim‚nez, Spain, poet (Distant Gardens, Nobel 1956)
1885 Arthur Dolphin, cricketer (Yorkshire & England keeper, later Test ump)
1887 Louis Jouvet, Crozon France, actor (Volpone, Topaze, La Marseillaise)
1889 Vladimir Sokoloff, Moscow Russia, actor (Road to Morocco)
1893 Carl Brisson, Copenhagen Denmark, actor (Murder at the Vanities)
1893 Ruth Chatterton, US actress (Madame X, Sarah & Son)
1894 Georges Guynemer, French WW I pilot
1904 Daniel K Womack, singer/guitarist
1904 Herbert D Riley, US vice-admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal, Okinawa)
1905 Howard Hughes
1905 Howard Hughes
1905 Howard Hughes
1905 Howard Hughes, reclusive billionaire, moviemaker, plane builder.
1905 Howard Hughes
1905 Howard Hughes, reclusive billionaire, moviemaker, plane builder.
1905 Howard Hughes
1905 Anna "Ans" van Dike ("the Young"), Jewish nazi collaborator
1905 Howard Hughes, reclusive billionaire (Hughes Aircraft)/inventor
1906 Franz Waxman, K”nigshtte, Germany, composer (Day at the Races)
1906 John Walker, museum director
1907 I[sidore] F[einstein] Stone, US journalist (IF Stone's Weekly)
1909 Adam Popovich, composer
1909 Adam Rapacki, Polish minister of Foreign Affairs (1956-68)
1910 Betty Ann Davies, London England, actress (Tough Guy)
1910 Fritz [Reuter] Leiber Jr, US, sci-fi author (Bazaar of the Bizarre)
1910 Mitchell Ayres, Milwaukee Wisc, orch leader (Hollywood Palace)
1911 Eric Briault, educationalist
1911 Malcolm MacEwen, writer
1913 Karl Michael Komma, composer
1914 Dorothy Hyson, actress (Ghoul, Spare a Copper, Sing as We Go)
1914 Guus Verstraete Sr, [August de Graef], Dutch actor/dir (Black Magic)
1920 Dave Bartholomew, La, jazz artist/songwriter (Blueberry Hill)
1921 Bill Dudley, NFL halfback (Pittsburgh, Detroit, Washington)
1921 Gerard Thomas Victory, composer
1921 Gerard Victory, composer
1922 Ava Garder
1922 Ava Garder
1922 Ava Garder
1922 Ava Garder
1922 Ava Garder
1922 Ava Gardner, Grabtown NC, actress (On the Beach, Night of the Iguana)
1923 Wilton S Mkwayi, South African ANC leader
1924 [Irving] Lee Dorsey, New Orleans, vocalist (Working in the Coal Mines)
1924 Roy Miller, cricketer (WI all-rounder in one Test 1953, 23 & 0-28)
1924 Willem Drees, economist/Dutch politician (DS'70)
1926 Ronald Draper, cricketer (South African batsman v Australia 1949-50)
1927 Mary Higgins Clark, suspense novelist
1927 Teresa Stich-Randall, US soprano (Vienna State Opera)
1929 Mary Higgins Clark, Bronx NY, author (Cry in the Night, Stillwatch)
1929 Noel Da Costa, composer
1930 Robert Joffrey, Choreographer
1930 Robert Joffrey, Choreographer
1930 Robert Joffrey, [Abdullah Jaffa Anver Bey Khan], US, dancer
1931 Jill Bennett, Penang Malay, actress (Lady Jane, Concrete Jungle)
1931 Mauricio Kagel, Argentina/German composer
1932 Colin Cowdrey, cricketer (in India England batsman, 1st to 100 Tests)
1932 [Michael] Colin Cowdrey, English cricket player
1938 Ralp Inbar, Dutch TV host (Banana Split)
1940 Anthony Fauci, US health official
1940 Paul Tagliabue, NFL commissioner (1989- )
1943 Christiane Schmidtmer, Heidelberg Germany, actress (Ship of Fools)
1943 Tatton Sykes, English baron/large landowner
1944 Erhard Keller, German FR, 500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1968, 72)
1944 Mike Curb, Savannah Ga, singer (Mike Curb Congregation)
1945 Lemmy, [Ian Kilminster], rocker (Hawkwind, Motorhead-Built for Speed)
1945 Nicholas Meyer, director (Star Trek II Wrath of Khan)
1946 John Akkerman, Dutch guitarist/composer (Focus-Can't Stand Noise)
1946 Judy Tyler, LA CA, playmate (Jan 1966)
1946 Sharon Farrell, Sioux City Iowa, (Lori-Hawaii 5-0, Young & Restless)
1949 Cameron Seward, LPGA golfer
1950 Libbi Larsen, composer
1950 Peter te Bos, Dutch singer (Claw Boys Claw)
1951 Johnny Contardo, rocker (Sha Na Na-Shannon)
1955 Anwar Khan, cricketer (bowled four overs for Pakistan 1979)
1955 Clarence Gilyard Jr, Moses Lake Wash, actor (Chips, Duck Factory)
1956 Stephanie Hodge, comedian/actress (I Madman, Happily Ever After)
1957 Ian Burden, S Yorks England, rock bassist (Human League-Only Human)
1962 Michael Ray, rocker
1963 Mary Ramsey, singer (10,000 Maniacs)
1963 Timo Jutila, Tampere FIN, hockey defenseman (Team Finland)
1964 Elbert Shelley, NFL cornerback (Atlanta Falcons)
1964 Gary Muller, South Africa, tennis star
1964 Marcel van der Net, Dutch soccer player (FC Utrecht)
1964 Mark Valley, Odgensvurg NY, actor (Days of Our Lives)
1965 Erika von Heiland, Angeles City Phil, US badminton player (Oly-92,96)
1965 Michael Haynes, NFL wide receiver (NO Saints, Atlanta Falcons)
1965 Nancy Reno, Elmhurst Ill, WPVA volleyballer (Olympics-96)
1965 Winston Moss, NFL linebacker (Seattle Seahawks)
1966 Deidrich Bader, Wash DC, actor (Oswald-Drew Carey Show)
1968 Joe Scuderi, cricketer (South Australian all-rounder)
1969 Kenny "Damn" Kelly, Paterson NJ, rapper (Riff-Judy had a Boyfriend)
1970 Filmel Johnson, NFL defensive back (Buffalo Bills)
1970 Marian Smerciak, Martin CZE, hockey defenseman (Team Slovakia 1998)
1970 Michael Batiste, NFL/WLAF defensive tackle (Cowboys, Frankfurt Galaxy)
1970 Romeo Wouden, Dutch soccer player (Dordrecht '90, Heerenveen)
1971 Ricky Martin, PR, singer (Menudo)/actor (General Hospital) [or Nov 2]
1971 Tamir Bloom, NYC, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)
1973 Eddie Pope, Greensboro NC, soccer defender (Olympics-gold-96)
1975 Natalie Ward, Australian softball shortstop/2nd baseman (Oly-br-96)

Events


Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve
640 John IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1046 Pope Clement II, [Suitger] elected
1294 Cardinal Benedetto Gaetani chosen as Pope Boniface VIII
1476 400 Burgundy soldiers freeze to death during siege of Nancy
1515 Thomas Wolsey appointed English Lord Chancellor
1565 Compromise of the Nobles closes against inquisition
1568 Uprising of Morisco's in Granada
1582 Vasco daGama Day
1582 Vasco daGama Day
1593 Storm hits Texel: 40 ships hit, 500 killed
1651 John van Riebeeck departs to Cape of Good Hope
1715 Swedish troops occupy Norway
1724 Benjamin Franklin arrives in London
1798 Russia & England sign Second anti-French Coalition
1799 Jakobijns plot against Napoleon uncovered
1814 Treaty of Ghent signed, ending War of 1812 (this news did not arrive until after the Battle of New Orleans).
1814 Treaty of Ghent signed, ending War of 1812 (this news did not arrive until after the Battle of New Orleans).
1814 Treaty of Ghent (end of US-Britain's War of 1812) signed
1818 "Silent Night" composed by Franz Joseph Gruber; 1st sung next day
1818 Franz Xaver Gruber composes "Silent Night"
1832 1st US Negro hospital founded by whites chartered, Savannah, Ga
1832 HMS Beagle anchors in Wigwam Bay at Cape Receiver
1851 Library of Congress burns, 35,000 volumes are destroyed.
1851 Library of Congress burns, 35,000 volumes are destroyed.
1851 Fire devastates Library of Congress in Wash, destroys 35,000 volumes
1851 US Library of Congress catches fire; 35,000 books burn
1860 Joseph Jefferson's "Rip Van Winkle," premieres in NYC
1864 Battle of Gordonsville, VA
1865 Confederate veterans form the Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, TN
1865 Confederate veterans form the Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, TN
1865 Several Confederate veterans form Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tn
1871 Giuseppe Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at Suez canal opening
1871 Giuseppe Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at Suez canal opening
1871 Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at Suez canal opening
1874 Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875
1884 Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
1889 Daniel Stover & William Hance patent bicycle with back pedal brake
1893 Henry Ford completes his 1st useful gas motor
1894 Scheveningse fishing boats destroyed by storm
1894 Soccer team Achilles '94 forms in Axes
1898 Herman Heijermans' "Ghetto," premieres in Amsterdam
1900 Herman Heijermans' "Hope of Blessing" premieres in Amsterdam
1904 German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children
1906 the first radio program is broadcast, in Brant Rock, Mass
1906 the first radio program is broadcast, in Brant Rock, Mass
1906 Reginald A Fessenden became 1st to broadcast music over radio (Mass)
1910 Luisa Tetrazzini sings to 250,000 people at Lotta's Fountain
1912 Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards
1914 German plane drops bombs on Dover England
1920 Enrico Caruso gave his last public performance
1920 Enrico Caruso gave his last public performance
1920 Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance (NYC)
1922 BBC sends 1st British radio play "Truth about Father Christmas"
1922 London Coloseum opens
1924 1st radio transmission of NCRV in Netherlands
1924 Albania becomes a republic (ex-premier Ahmed Zogoe's coup)
1924 Richard Rodgers Theater (46th St Chanin's) opens at 226 W 46th NYC
1924 School in Babb's Switch, Oklahoma catches fire, 36 die
1927 Test Cricket debut of Walter Hammond, who scored 51 & took 5-36 v S Af
1928 George Abbott Theater (Adelphi, 54 St) opens at 152 W 54th St NYC
1930 Bandung, Java: ir Sukarno 4 years jail sentenced
1930 F Garc”a Lorca's "La Zapatera Prodigiosa," premieres in Madrid
1932 Arturo Alessandri wins presidental election in Chile
1933 Paris express train derails & kills 160, injures 300 (France)
1934 Grimmett takes 9-180 for SA as Queensland make 430
1935 Bradman scores 233 in 191 mins, SA v Queensland, 28 fours 1 six
1935 National Council of Negro Women forms
1936 first radioactive isotope medicine administered, Berkeley, CA
1936 first radioactive isotope medicine administered, Berkeley, CA
1936 1st radioactive isotope medicine administered, Berkeley, Ca
1937 Dutch govt recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
1941 1st ships of admiral Nagumo's Pearl Harbor-fleet return to Japan
1942 1st powered flight of V-1 buzz bomb, Peenemnde, Germany
1942 Red army occupies German airports at Tasjinskaja & Morozowsk
1943 FDR appoints Gen Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied forces
1943 Terence Rattigan's "While the Sun Shines," premieres in London
1946 4th French republic established
1946 US General MacNarney gives 800,000 "minor nazi's" amnesty
1948 1st US house completely sunheated is occupied (Dover Mass)
1948 Greek govt disbands due to state of war, press censorship
1950 Cleveland Browns win NFL championship, beat LA 30-28
1951 Libya gains independence from Italy
1951 Libya gains independence from Italy
1951 1st televised opera (Amahl & Night Visitor)
1951 United Kingdom of Libya gains independence from Italy via UN
1953 2 fast express trains crash head-on killing 103 (Czechoslovakia)
1953 KHOL (now KHGI) TV channel 13 in Kearney, NB (ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 KOA (now KCNC) TV channel 4 in Denver, CO (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 Ren‚ Coty elected pres of France
1953 Wellington-Auckland (NZ) express train swept away in flood kills 166
1954 Council for the Children Protection forms in Neth
1954 Laos gains its independence
1956 "I Love Lucy" Christmas show airs, never put in syndication
1956 Ferdinand de Lesseps statue blown up in Port Said Egypt
1960 Dutch bishops question papacy values
1961 Houston Oilers beat San Diego Chargers 10-3 in AFL championship game
1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1963 Greek & Turks riot in Cyprus
1964 Shooting begins on "The Cage" the pilot for Star Trek
1966 Soviet Luna 13 lands on moon
1966 Soviet Luna 13 lands on moon
1966 "Joyful Noise" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 12 perfs
1966 Luna 13 lands on Moon
1966 USAF C144 military charter crashes near Binh Thai Vietnam kills 129
1967 China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
1967 Pirate Radio Pegasus starts broadcasting off New Zealand
1968 Apollo 8 astronauts broadcast seasons greetings from the moon.
1968 Apollo 8 astronauts broadcast seasons greetings from the moon.
1968 Apollo 8 astronauts read passages from Book of Genesis
1968 WATU (now WAGT) TV channel 26 in Augusta, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1970 9 Jews are convicted in Leningrad of hijacking a plane
1970 Walt Disney's "Aristocats" is released
1971 Peruvian Airlines Electra crashes at headwaters of Amazon, killing all except Juliane Margaret Koepcke found 10 days later
1973 Ferryboat capsized off coast of Equador, drowning 200
1974 Cardinals' Lou Brock is named Sportsman of the Year
1979 1st Ariane-rocket launched
1980 Americans remembered Iran hostages by shining lights for 417 seconds
1981 Guardian Angels Curtis Sliwa & Lisa Evers marry
1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1982 Chaminade, with a student body of only 850 students, beats #1 ranked Virginia 77-72 in a Honolulu holiday basketball classic
1984 Palace coup in Mauritania
1986 French hostage Aurel Cornea, held in Lebanon for 9 months, released
1986 Iran offensive against Iraqi islands of Shatt al-Arab
1989 Charles Taylor enters Liberia to unseat President Samuel K Doe
1989 Panama's dictator, Manual Noriega seeks asylum at Vatican embassy
1990 Expos trade Tim Raines to White Sox for Ivan Calderon & Barry Jones
1990 Saddam says Israel will be Iraq's 1st target
1991 Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of Soviet Union
1992 Pres Bush pardons Caspar Weinberger of Iran-contra affair
1994 4 Moslem fundamentalists capture Air France pilot in Algiers
1997 1st time a Channukah candle is officially lit in Vatican City

That's All....

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